On February 3, 2015, Governor Scott Walker unveiled his $68.3 billion state spending plan. The Joint Finance Committee subsequently introduced the appropriations bill, which is now known as Assembly Bill 21/Senate Bill 21.
Highlights of the major provisions of Governor Scott Walker’s spending plan include:
- Proposed all funds spending of $35.9 billion in FY15 and $32.3 billion in FY16, including a decrease in GPR spending of 0.3% in FY15 and an increase of 6.7% in FY16.
- Significant modifications to and expansion of the statewide school voucher program, including funding changes that will affect public school funding.
- No tax or fee increases to fund the state’s transportation programs, instead funding transportation-related programs with $1.3 billion in new bonding authority.
- The governor estimates property taxes on the median-valued home will decrease by $5 in both fiscal years.
- No modifications to sales or income tax rates.
- Consolidation of and reform to state agencies and their operations.
- Property taxes for the median-valued home will decrease by $5 in both fiscal years.
- Elimination of approximately 400 state positions.
Representative John Nygren, Assembly Co-Chairman of the Joint Committee on Finance (JFC), recently laid out the timeline for consideration of the budget by that committee. Co-Chairman Nygren has indicated that following the release of the budget overview by the non-partisan Legislative Fiscal Bureau (LFB) later this month, the JFC will receive budget briefings from cabinet-level agencies and hold four regional public hearings. Co-Chairman Nygren expects that these preliminary actions will be completed by late-March, enabling the 16-member JFC to begin its deliberations on the budget in early-April. He expects JFC action on the budget to be complete by Memorial Day, allowing ample time for both houses of the Legislature to complete its action prior to the end of the state fiscal year on June 31, 2015.
Co-Chairman Nygren has indicated that the JFC will likely meet two times per week, typically on Tuesdays and Thursdays. In addition, the JFC will impose time limits on debate, with each member allowed to speak twice per issue for a maximum of five minutes each time. Additionally, the JFC will refrain from beginning action on new topics after 10:00 p.m. on days the committee is scheduled for executive session.
Although Co-Chairman Nygren’s predictions for completion of the budget mirrors the timetable of the prior two budgets, this state budget comes with significant challenges that could push enactment of the spending document past the statutory deadline. Major issues yet to be resolved include:
- K-12 funding and expansion of the statewide school voucher program.
- Spending and revenue-generating alternatives for the state’s transportation fund.
- Spending for University of Wisconsin System, including setting tuition rates.
In addition to these provisions, a number of provisions in the Governor’s budget have a significant impact on the state’s municipal governments.
Major provisions in the Governor’s proposed budget affecting municipalities include:
Shared Revenue & Government Operations
Local Government Property Insurance Fund: The Governor recommends closing the local government property insurance fund (LGPIF) to new policies and not renewing existing policies. The fund was originally created to ensure local governmental units had access to affordable property insurance.
Shared Revenue: The Governor’s proposed budget maintains current funding for shared revenue.
Levy Limits: The Governor’s proposed budget leaves levy limits unchanged. Municipalities may only increase their tax levies by the change in property values due to net new construction.
All current law exemptions to the levy limit program are maintained.
School Levy Tax Credit: The Governor’s proposed budget increases funding for the school levy tax credit by $211.2 million in the biennium to reduce property taxes by $105.6 million, or $5, annually.
Property Tax Bill Disclosure: The Governor’s proposed budget requires property tax bills to disclose debt service and fees from each taxing jurisdiction, including their impact on the property tax.
The Governor’s proposed budget also requires that property tax bills explicitly inform taxpayers of the impacts of additional amounts levied pursuant to a referendum to exceed a tax levy limitation.
Property Assessment: The Governor recommends beginning the transition from the current system of municipal property assessment to countywide property assessment in 2016 and requiring completion of the transition for the 2017 property assessment year. All properties will be required to be assessed at 100 percent of fair market value by the 2017 assessment year. Multiple counties may form consolidated assessment regions at their discretion.
First- and second-class cities may choose to maintain municipal assessment provided they meet certain requirements.
Municipal Boundary Recording: The Governor’s proposed budget consolidates the process related to recording all changes in municipal boundaries by transferring responsibility from the Secretary of State to the Department of Administration. The Governor’s proposed budget provides funding to the Legislative Technology Services Bureau (LTSB) to create and manage a statewide database of changes to municipal and ward boundaries for the purposes of enhancing the precision of calculating state and federal aid.
Health & Human Services
Mental Health Funding: The Governor’s proposed budget provides funding to assist counties with creating mental health crisis services programs pairing law enforcement with mental health professionals to create a best practice model. The Governor’s proposed budget consolidates mental health funding into the community aids program for the state purpose of providing flexibility and creating efficiencies.
Emergency Detention Processes: The Governor’s proposed budget would require Milwaukee County to align its emergency detention processes in a manner similar to other county processes throughout the state.
The proposal also requires counties to provide community-based crisis assessment by a mental health professional (physician who has completed a residency in psychiatry, a psychologist, or a licensed mental health professional) prior to an emergency detention and allocates $1.5 million to assist counties with this effort in FY 16.
Family Care: The Governor’s proposed transitions the program to an outcome-based model providing long-term care, primary care and acute care services, including self-directed care; creates operational efficiencies for managed care organizations; and streamlines operations in the Department of Health Services, and makes the following recommendations: Services will be provided to participants through managed care organizations (MCO) operating statewide; Provides members with a choice of MCOs in order to determine which best meet their needs; Regulates MCOs as insurance entities under the jurisdiction of the Office of Commissioner of Insurance.
Dementia Care: The Governor’s proposed budget provides funding to support dementia care specialists in selected aging and disability resource centers across the state.
Surcharges: The Governor’s proposed budget eliminates exemptions from the circuit court fee for four offenses (failure to wear a seatbelt, violations related to smoking in a public place, failure to carry proof of motor vehicle insurance, and failure to carry a handicap permit) to ensure equity among similar violations.
Surcharge on Felony and Misdemeanor Convictions: The Governor recommends creating a $20 crime prevention funding board surcharge for each felony and misdemeanor conviction.
Mass Transit Operating Aids: The Governor’s proposed budget funds Mass Transit Operating Aids at current levels.
General Transportation Aids: The Governor’s proposed budget funds the increase to General Transportation Aids adopted in the 2013-15 budget and retains current level funding for General Transportation Aids based on funding in fiscal year 2014-15.
Elderly and Disabled Specialized Transportation Aids: The Governor’s proposed budget renames the program “Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities Specialized Transportation Aids.” Funding is increased for the program by $438,000, a 1% increase in funding in each year of the biennium.
Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities (Trans 75): The Governor’s proposed budget proposal repeals state requirements that exceed federal law related to whether bicycle and pedestrian facilities be included in the construction of new highway projects.
Community Sensitive Design: The Governor’s proposed budget proposal prohibits WisDOT from funding Community Sensitive Design on highway projects resulting in $7 million in savings.
For more information on how Governor Walker’s biennial state budget affects your municipality, contact your Stafford Rosenbaum attorney or any member of the firm’s Government Affairs practice.